top of page

Periodontal Treatment


About the periodontal treatment:


Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. Bad breath may also occur.


Periodontal disease is generally due to bacteria in the mouth infecting the tissue around the teeth. Factors that increase the risk of disease include smokingdiabetesHIV/AIDS, family history, and certain medications. Diagnosis is by inspecting the gum tissue around the teeth both visually and with a probe and X-rays looking for bone loss around the teeth.


Treatment involves good oral hygiene and regular professional teeth cleaning. Recommended oral hygiene includes daily brushing and flossing. In certain cases, antibiotics or dental surgery may be recommended. 



Symptoms may include:

  • Redness or bleeding of gums while brushing teeth, using dental floss, or biting into hard food (e.g., apples) (though this may also occur in gingivitis, where there is no attachment loss)

  • Gum swelling that recurs

  • Spitting out blood after brushing teeth

  • Halitosis, or bad breath, and a persistent metallic taste in the mouth

  • Gingival recession, resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth (this may also be caused by heavy-handed brushing or with a stiff toothbrush)

  • Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums (pockets are sites where the attachment has been gradually destroyed by collagen-destroying enzymes, known as collagenases)

  • Loose teeth, in the later stages (though this may occur for other reasons, as well)

bottom of page